Maternal Education is the one that is provided to the child from the moment they are born until they reach 3 years of age. It is not rigid, but in it the teachings and learning of the child are immersed as a result of the interaction with their environment and those who are in it.
Likewise, from the point of view of the formal educational system, maternal education is part of the first ladder, belonging to initial education.
The early years of the child are of vital importance in their development, since it is during this period of time that the child learns various skills and abilities that he will use for the rest of his life. Among what the child learns in these years we can mention social interaction with other children and adults, walking and communicating with others, among others.
From birth, children are in constant learning. Remember that the little ones are like little sponges, which absorb everything they see around them. It is well known that the learning capacity of children is immense. There are specialists who even affirm that this capacity occurs since the baby is in the mother’s womb.
Now, for maternal education to be really useful, it must take into account certain aspects such as physical space and time.
Regarding the physical space, the maternity education classrooms must be divided into various specialized areas for each of the activities carried out there.
This is how then there is an area for food, another for cleaning, one for daily rest (sleep) and of course, the area for properly pedagogical activities. In this sense, each area must have the necessary and appropriate furniture and utensils so that the activities carried out there are as successful as possible.
It is important, from such an early age, that children are established a daily routine, which includes the different activities that are carried out in the nursery. There must be a time dedicated to eating, another for hygiene and of course one dedicated to rest.
The time devoted to pedagogical activities must be appropriately distributed between recreational, exploration, creative activities, as well as those that involve problem solving and others that enhance the independence and autonomy of the child, among others.
Of course, it is the teacher’s authority to establish which activities will be carried out and the time allocated to each of them.
Maternal education is of great importance in the education of children, since in it they learn the basic notions that will govern their behavior throughout their lives. Among the reasons why it is important are the following:
Facilitates interaction with other children
Here children have the opportunity to interact with other children of the same age, thus developing their communication and social integration skills.
Stimulates autonomy. By attending school at an early age, children begin to develop their independence from parents. That is, they do not depend on or are 100% of the time with them, which allows them to begin to be autonomous in some activities. Thanks to this, they understand that there are activities that they can do on their own.
Development of abilities and skills. In the various activities that are developed in maternal education, the child is capable of developing skills such as fine and gross motor skills, coordination, creativity and spatial-temporal location, among others.
It teaches you to live in society. As in all educational facilities, in the nursery classrooms there are rules and regulations that children must follow. By complying with them, the child is acquiring the basic notions of what it means to live in society, under established norms.
In short, maternal education is a fundamental pillar in the education of our children, since it provides them with the bases for their future education and of course, for the human being they will become.